Environmentalists on Saturday hailed as one of the biggest conservation victories in decades a federal court ruling that upheld a “roadless rule” to protect massive swaths of national forest.

But while the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals on Friday removed a lower court’s block on the “roadless rule,” the Clinton-era order protecting over 50 million acres of prime federal forests from timber and mining companies could leave President Obama vulnerable to charges similar to those levied against the White House after the Gulf drilling moratorium: that the administration is unfriendly toward extractive industries that utilize the nation’s natural wealth and create American jobs.