In a victory for the Second Amendment and self defense advocates everywhere, Judge Richard Posner ruled in the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit Tuesday that the Illinois ban on carrying a firearm outside of the home for self-defense purposes is unconstitutional.

“One doesn’t have to be a historian to realize that a right to keep and bear arms for personal self-defense in the eighteenth century could not rationally have been limited to the home. . . . Twenty-first century Illinois has no hostile Indians. But a Chicagoan is a good deal more likely to be attacked on a sidewalk than in his apartment on the 35th floor,” Posner said.

Illinois resident, trained gun owner and concealed carry permit holder for Utah and Florida Mary Shepard is the lead plaintiff in the case and received funding for the case from the National Rifle Association. The Illinois State Rifle and Pistol Association joined Shepard as a co-plaintiff in the case.