There are plenty of reasons for Congress to pass a new farm bill.
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Negotiators claim to be very close to a final framework, but some issues remain challenging.

Other farm bill issues are also still under negotiation. One of those issues is payment limits. Both the House and Senate passed proposals including language capping the amount of money individual farmers could receive, but it is not clear that those limits will be in the final bill – assuming we eventually get a final bill!

The King amendment that would prevent California from blocking imports of eggs that were not produced according to that state’s regulations is still unresolved, as is the final determination about catfish inspections.

There are plenty of reasons for Congress to pass a new farm bill.

One is that Brazil is again threatening to impose retaliatory tariffs on about 100 U.S. products with values of up to $850 million if cotton polices aren’t changed to bring them into compliance with WTO rulings. Brazil has postponed imposition of these tariffs in recent years with the understanding that Congress would bring U.S. policies into compliance. But they’re getting impatient.