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Rapid implementation of movement controls at the county level play an important role in stopping or slowing the spread of a fast-spreading animal disease like foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), according to an article published in the March 2014 issue of PLOS ONE.

The article evaluates movement control options on a continental scale of an FMD-like epidemic in the United States and was prepared by the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Colorado State University, the University of Warwick (United Kingdom) and the Linköping University (Sweden). It is the first quantitative national-scale model of cattle movement.