By 2022, the U.S. renewable fuel standard (RFS) calls for annual production of 21 billion gallons of advanced biofuels, and the USDA is trying to figure out how to get there.

In June 2010, the agency released a strategic report titled “A USDA Regional Roadmap to Meeting the Biofuels Goals of the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) by 2022.” Since then, USDA has collected almost 1,000 comments and conducted 57 stakeholder workshops to help determine whether agriculture and forestry can provide enough feedstock to achieve the RFS goals, provide an estimate of the relative contributions and type of feedstocks different regions could provide; and give an estimate of the financial investment required for advanced biofuel refineries.